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synthetic organic chemistry

Synthetic Organic Chemistry by Definition

Synthetic organic chemistry is an applied science that design, analyze, and construct for practical purposes. An organic chemical is being synthesize to further widen the knowledge in the world of chemistry. After the discovery of Friedrich Wohler in 1828 of producing urea using inorganic chemicals couple of scientist have followed and synthesized chemical compounds as well. One of the more complex structure that was analyzed for synthesis is camphor by chemist Gustav Komppa and William Perkin in 1903 and 1904 respectively. Later on the development for retrosynthesis analysis by Elias James Corey was made to help in planning organic synthesis by simplifying the chemical compound structure.

Deeper Understanding of Synthetic Organic Chemistry

Synthetic organic chemistry is the process of synthesizing available organic and inorganic compounds to produce new complex molecules that either help create new chemical reactions, new chemical reagents, or produce other novel compounds. All around as today we have tons of product from synthetic organic chemistry and chemists continue to further analyze these old and new chemical compounds for the advancement in biological systems.

Two Process for Synthesizing Organic Chemicals

  1. Total Synthesis – this process is the same with Friedrich Wohler’s first synthetic organic chemistry. Total synthesis is the process where in inorganic chemicals are the starting materials to create complex molecules that could be a way to see new chemical reactions or new routes for existing routes of a certain targeted molecules.
  2. Semi-synthesis or partial chemical synthesis – differs from total synthesis because this process involves the aid of biological processes. The starting materials are chemical compounds that is isolated from natural sources. Semi-synthesis often works on drug discovery since this produce novel compounds with distinct chemical or medicinal properties. It is also the process that makes up an imitation of the natural organic chemicals that we already have from natural resources.

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