synthetic organic chemistry

Synthetic organic chemistry: Explosives

synthetic organic chemistry

In this series of article on synthetic organic chemistry, we are talking about the history, application and some of the products of synthetic organic chemistry.

An invention is not good or bad until the user decides to do so. If the user uses it for good, then it is good else it can have bad effects also. An example here was plastic. Plastic was invented to make a good use but overuse of plastic made it a pollutant. Another interesting invention in the field of synthetic organic chemistry was explosives.

In early days

In early days when the only gunpowder was used to make the explosives they sometime blew in theirown side hurting the soldiers of same side. And also, they produced much smoke on firing that the battle field became black and Smokey. It made impossible to work with the gunpowder alone.

chemist Christian Friedrich Schonbein

A chemist Christian Friedrich Schonbein was working in his home. He accidently spilled the mixture of nitric acid and sulfuric acid. He used a cloth to wipe it and dries the cloth on stove. But when it dried it blew up without leaving a single trace of the cloth.

He named It nitrocellulose, he thought that nitrocellulose can become the next big thing on the battlefield. It was smokeless and had more effect. He called the material guncotton but to synthesize it was a failure at first. But then in 1891 the English chemist Frederick Augustus Abel was to make compound with guncotton that was stable.

Then in the year 1866 a great chemist Alfred Bernhard Nobel invented absorbent called kieselguhur that could sponge up nitro-glycerine. He called it dynamite. Dynamite was used so extensively that it is still used in making big impact explosions.

In this way synthetic organic chemistry was used to make the explosives.

 

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